For 10 years Libya has been engulfed in chaos since a NATO-backed intervention ended Muammar Gaddafi’s four-decade rule.
Since 2014 Libya has been split between warring administrations backed by foreign powers.
In April 2019, Khalifa Hifter, a military commander allied with the eastern government, launched an offensive to seize the capital, Tripoli.
His campaign failed after 14 months of fighting and last October, the UN convinced both parties to sign a cease-fire agreement and embark on a political dialogue.
After UN-sponsored talks, delegates from Libya’s warring factions met in Geneva this week and selected four leaders to guide the North African country through to national elections in December, seen as a major step toward unifying a nation with two rival governments in the east and west.
The 74 delegates chose a list of candidates in a U.N.-hosted process aimed to give balance to regional powers and various political and economic interests.
Many have hailed the move as a massive step towards peace between the warring sides.
Mohammad Younes Menfi, a Libyan diplomat with a support base in the country’s east, was chosen to head the three-person Presidential Council. Abdul Hamid Mohammed Dbeibah, a powerful businessman backed by western tribes, was chosen as interim prime minister.
On the streets of Benghazi, residents have mixed feelings with regard to the attainment of peace.
“God willing, I hope that all the problems of unifying institutions will be solved, and also that there will be a state in Libya, until December 24, which is the date for the parliamentary elections and also the presidential elections for Libya,” said Raouf Al-Jilani, a local resident.
On the other hand, others have little faith that the peace will uphold.
“This step will be a historic milestone for the country because it is very likely that regional powers and the large local forces, represented by the National Army (the east-based Libyan Arab Armed Forces), will reject such outcomes,” said local resident Osama Al-Warfare.
“I see war on the horizon. I think Libya will enter a third vortex with a stronger and fiercer civil war.”
Abdisalam al-Badri, the east-based government’s deputy prime minister, said he hoped the new interim government would return Libya to being “a sovereign and independent state where no one interferes in its internal or external affairs.”
He however expressed concern saying the shadows of war still linger and unification will be difficult.
“We should not forget that there is a part of Libyan soil with foreign forces on it, and on it are occupiers from all corners of the earth, all the world’s intelligence in addition to the mercenaries who came from all over the world, we have to get rid of them.”